About Georgia Home : Feedback : Guest Book : Search : Site Map
 
 Home
 Country Profile
 History
 Maps
 Geography »
 Language & Alphabet
 Georgian Cuisine
 Arts and Culture
 Regions and Cities
 Travel Guide
 About Us
If you have additional information, please
Send Us »

Bookmark this Page
Linking Back to Us
Feedback
Guest Book

Search our site

Google

 

Georgian TopSites List

 

eXTReMe Tracker

 

Home : Geography : ClimatePrinter friendly version E-mail this page to a friend
Geography
Topography
Climate
Flora and Fauna

Climate

Tbilisi - Temperature and Rainfall

Georgia's climate is affected by subtropical influences from the west and Mediterranean influences from the east. The Greater Caucasus range moderates local climate by serving as a barrier against cold air from the north. Warm, moist air from the Black Sea moves easily into the coastal lowlands from the west. Climatic zones are determined by distance from the Black Sea and by altitude. Along the Black Sea coast, from Abkhazia to the Turkish border, and in the region known as the Kolkhida Lowlands inland from the coast, the dominant subtropical climate features high humidity and heavy precipitation (1,000 to 2,000 millimeters per year; the Black Sea port of Batumi receives 2,500 millimeters per year). Several varieties of palm trees grow in these regions, where the midwinter average temperature is 5°C and the midsummer average is 22°C.

The plains of eastern Georgia are shielded from the influence of the Black Sea by mountains that provide a more continental climate. Summer temperatures average 20°C to 24°C, winter temperatures 2°C to 4°C. Humidity is lower, and rainfall averages 500 to 800 millimeters per year. Alpine and highland regions in the east and west, as well as a semi-arid region on the Iori Plateau to the southeast, have distinct microclimates.

At higher elevations, precipitation is sometimes twice as heavy as in the eastern plains. In the west, the climate is subtropical to about 650 meters; above that altitude (and to the north and east) is a band of moist and moderately warm weather, then a band of cool and wet conditions. Alpine conditions begin at about 2,100 meters, and above 3,600 meters snow and ice are present year-round.


The data on average monthly and annual atmospheric temperature for the period of 1881-1960 (in C) gives an idea of the climate in different parts of Georgia.

Region/MonthJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSepOctNovDec
Mountains-4.6-0.55.211.014.016.416.312.07.11.6-4.15.7
Sea North Coast6.79.312.717.220.823.523.820.516.611.68.414.7
Sea South Coast7.28.411.515.820.022.823.220.316.612.08.614.5
West Georgia5.88.412.917.921.023.223.620.516.411.57.514.5
East Georgia1.95.711.116.019.622.923.018.513.17.02.511.8
South Georgia-0.83.08.413.616.819.820.115.810.24.50.09.1
Tbilisi0.92.66.611.917.321.124.424.219.613.87.62.8

 

Based on: Wikipedia - Geography of Georgia

If you have further information...
We have collected here quite a bit of information about Georgia, but we are looking for more. If you have information about this section that you think may be of interest to researchers, please send us the information using the Submission Form.

Printer friendly version    E-mail this page to a friend     
CopyRight © 1999-2014, by David A. Mchedlishvili
Page last update: 25 May, 2006