Samegrelo and Zemo Svaneti
|Area:||7,441 km² (10.7%)|
|Population density:||51 people/km²|
|Distance from Tbilisi:||339 km|
|ISO 3166-2 code:||GE-SZ|
Zugdidi is the administrative centre of the region.
Samegrelo and Zemo Svaneti consists of 9 administrative districts: Poti, Abasha, Zugdidi, Martvili, Mestia, Senaki, Chkorotsku, Tsalenjikha, Khobi.
There are 500 settlements in the region of which:
8 cities - Abasha, Zugdidi, Martvili, Senaki, Poti, Tsalenjikha, Jvari, Khobi;
2 towns - Chkorotsku and Mestia;
There is a stark difference between the economic development of the coastline (Poti, Khobi) and central and mountainous (Mestia) zones. The major industrial cities of the Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region are Zugdidi and Poti, which have airports, and motor roads and rail lines connected to the main
transport artery of the country. Moreover, Poti is the main seaport of Georgia outside the autonomous republics of Ajaria and Abkhazia. However, despite their transport links, the production in both cities is very poor. It should be noted that the dam of the Enguri hydro power plant, which is the
largest hydro facility in Georgia, is located in Zemo Svaneti. The power plant, which this dam serves to, is located in the autonomous republic of Abkhazia.
Citrus and tea growing is the main agricultural activity in the region. However, the Abasha population is also engaged in fruit and vegetable growing while the population of Mestia (remote mountainous district) is engaged in potato growing and animal farming.
Households are mainly engaged in growing maize (35,000 ha; 122,000 tons), hazelnut (9,000 ha; 8,000 tons) and fruit (6,000 ha; 18,000 tons).
Places of tourtist interest:
• City-fortress Nokalakevi
• Usguli village
• Tsaishi monastery